Re-centring peripheries along ring roads under a smart growth agenda: case studies of Espoo Innovation Garden and Vantaa Aviapolis in Finland
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The study expands on the recent cluster-oriented smart growth vision in Greater Helsinki, Finland, and examines with two case studies the pertinent locational factor and locality-specific issues. The contemporary regional development tendencies of smart clustering have reframed place-making schemes with an aim of placing large concentrations of business activities on the periphery. The case studies of Espoo Innovation Garden and Vantaa Aviapolis draw on descriptive before-and-after analysis over a defined timeframe. The study addresses the formation and transformation of the spatial structure and its relative and relational qualities on an aggregated scale. It demonstrates the potential, challenges, tools, and strategies of the operating smart growth agenda generating spatial-economic competitiveness and attractiveness factors in these particular projects. The findings explain how the locational factor along ring roads parallel with the land-use management and former model of spatial and economic concentration and centralization are hampering the restructuring of new urban centralities.