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Revisited Perturbation Frequency Design Guideline for Direct Fixed-Step Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms

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Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut4601-4609
Sivumäärä9
JulkaisuIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Vuosikerta64
Numero6
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - kesäkuuta 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli

Tiivistelmä

In order to optimize the performance of direct (or perturbative) fixed-step maximum power point tracking algorithms (e.g., perturb and observe and incremental conductance), two design parameters-perturbation frequency and step size-must be selected. The main requirement for perturbation frequency design is ensuring the period between two successive perturbations is longer than settling time of photovoltaic generator power transient. According to existing design guidelines, perturbation frequency should be selected at maximum power point, corresponding to standard test conditions. However, due to finite resolution of digital controllers, maximum power region rather than single maximum power point exists in practice. Therefore, operating point can arbitrarily reside within this region, belonging either to constant-current or constant-voltage I-V curve parts. It is shown that the photovoltaic generator power transient settling process is significantly slower in constant current than maximum power region due to increased value of dynamic resistance. Consequently, perturbation frequency design should be carried out in constant-current region rather than at maximum power point. Short-circuit condition should be selected as worst-case design operation point, where photovoltaic generator dynamic resistance obtains highest value. Then, perturbation frequency design becomes photovoltaic generator independent, influenced only by interfacing converter component values. Experimental results validate presented findings successfully.

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