Study of quench protection for the Nb3Sn low-β quadrupole for the LHC luminosity upgrade (HiLumi-LHC)
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|Julkaisu||IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 1 kesäkuuta 2015|
The HiLumi program is aiming to develop and build new Nb3Sn, high-field (12 T), and large-aperture (150 mm) superconducting quadrupoles, which will be inserted in the LHC interaction regions and will provide the final focusing of the beam, in the program of luminosity upgrade. The quench protection of these magnets is one of the most challenging aspects, mainly because of the large value of the magnet inductance (160 mH for the configuration with two 8-m-long magnets in series), of the large value of the stored magnetic energy density in the coils (0.12 J/mm3, a factor 2 larger than in the conventional NbTi quadrupoles) and of the use of Nb3Sn as a conductor, which has never been used for large accelerator magnets. Previous works have demonstrated that a 'standard' conservative analysis, assuming quench heaters only on the coils' outer layer, gives high hot-spot temperature, close to the design limit (350 K). In this paper, a new study of quench protection is presented. The benefic effects of large dI/dt during the discharge and other dynamic effects are discussed together with options for having a partial coverage of the inner layer by quench heaters. The analysis is validated by experimental data from RD Nb3Sn quadrupole magnets.