The methane production of poultry slaughtering residues and effects of pre-treatments on the methane production of poultry feather
Tutkimustuotos › › vertaisarvioitu
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 2003|
The biological methane production rate and yield of different poultry slaughtering residues were studied. Poultry offal, blood, and bonemeal were rich in proteins and lipids and showed high methane yields, 0.7-0.9, 0.5, and 0.6-0.7 m3 kg-1 volatile solidsadded, respectively (270-340, 100, and 150-170 m3 ton-1 wet weight). Blood and bonemeal produced methane rapidly, whereas the methane production of offal was more delayed probably due to long-chain fatty acid inhibition. The length of delay dependent on the source and concentration of inoculum and incubation temperature, sewage sludge at 35 °C having the shortest delay of a few days, while granular sludge did not produce methane within 94 days of incubation. Feather showed a somewhat lower methane yield, 0.21 m3 kg-1 volatile solidsadded (50 m3 ton-1 wet weight). Combined thermal (120 °C, 5 min) and enzymatic (commercial alkaline endopeptidase, 2-10 g l-1) pre-treatments increased its methane yield by 37 to 51%. Thermal (70-120 °C, 5-60 min), chemical (NaOH 2-10 g l-1, 2-24 h), and enzymatic pre-treatments were less effective, with methane yield increasing by 5 to 32%. Based on the present results, anaerobic digestion of the studied of these residues (8 to 14% N of total solids), whereas pre-treatments were shown to improve the methane production of feather.