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The potential of biomethane in replacing fossil fuels in heavy transport-a case study on Finland

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

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The potential of biomethane in replacing fossil fuels in heavy transport-a case study on Finland. / Pääkkönen, Anna; Aro, Kalle; Aalto, Pami; Konttinen, Jukka; Kojo, Matti.

julkaisussa: Sustainability, Vuosikerta 11, Nro 17, 4750, 01.09.2019.

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

Harvard

Pääkkönen, A, Aro, K, Aalto, P, Konttinen, J & Kojo, M 2019, 'The potential of biomethane in replacing fossil fuels in heavy transport-a case study on Finland', Sustainability, Vuosikerta. 11, Nro 17, 4750. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174750

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Vancouver

Author

Pääkkönen, Anna ; Aro, Kalle ; Aalto, Pami ; Konttinen, Jukka ; Kojo, Matti. / The potential of biomethane in replacing fossil fuels in heavy transport-a case study on Finland. Julkaisussa: Sustainability. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 11, Nro 17.

Bibtex - Lataa

@article{a78586b42b864e56b6cf16dfaf659678,
title = "The potential of biomethane in replacing fossil fuels in heavy transport-a case study on Finland",
abstract = "Electrification is a frequently discussed solution for reducing transport related carbon dioxide emissions. However, transport sectors such as aviation and heavy-duty vehicles remain dependent on on-board fuels. Here, biomethane is still a little exploited solution, and the case of heavy-duty vehicles is particularly underappreciated despite the recent technical advances and potentially notable emission reductions. This paper discusses the potential of biomethane in heavy-duty road transport in the case of Finland, where the utilization rate is low compared to the technical potential. To this end, the potential of biomethane production through both anaerobic digestion and gasification was calculated in three scenarios for the heavy-duty transport fleet, based on the literature values of biomethane potential and truck class fuel consumption. The authors find that approximately half of the heavy-duty transport in Finland could be biomethane fueled by 2030. The estimated production costs for biomethane (81-190 €/MWh) would be competitive with the current consumer diesel price (152 €/MWh). Utilizing the total biomethane potential in heavy-duty transport would furthermore decrease the respective carbon dioxide emissions by 50{\%}. To accelerate the transition in the heavy-duty transport sector, a more comprehensive political framework is needed, taking into account both production and consumption.",
keywords = "Anaerobic digestion, Biomethane, Carbon emission reduction, Finland, Heavy-duty transport, Renewable transport fuels, Transition, Wood gasification",
author = "Anna P{\"a}{\"a}kk{\"o}nen and Kalle Aro and Pami Aalto and Jukka Konttinen and Matti Kojo",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/su11174750",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Sustainability",
issn = "2071-1050",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "17",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - The potential of biomethane in replacing fossil fuels in heavy transport-a case study on Finland

AU - Pääkkönen, Anna

AU - Aro, Kalle

AU - Aalto, Pami

AU - Konttinen, Jukka

AU - Kojo, Matti

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - Electrification is a frequently discussed solution for reducing transport related carbon dioxide emissions. However, transport sectors such as aviation and heavy-duty vehicles remain dependent on on-board fuels. Here, biomethane is still a little exploited solution, and the case of heavy-duty vehicles is particularly underappreciated despite the recent technical advances and potentially notable emission reductions. This paper discusses the potential of biomethane in heavy-duty road transport in the case of Finland, where the utilization rate is low compared to the technical potential. To this end, the potential of biomethane production through both anaerobic digestion and gasification was calculated in three scenarios for the heavy-duty transport fleet, based on the literature values of biomethane potential and truck class fuel consumption. The authors find that approximately half of the heavy-duty transport in Finland could be biomethane fueled by 2030. The estimated production costs for biomethane (81-190 €/MWh) would be competitive with the current consumer diesel price (152 €/MWh). Utilizing the total biomethane potential in heavy-duty transport would furthermore decrease the respective carbon dioxide emissions by 50%. To accelerate the transition in the heavy-duty transport sector, a more comprehensive political framework is needed, taking into account both production and consumption.

AB - Electrification is a frequently discussed solution for reducing transport related carbon dioxide emissions. However, transport sectors such as aviation and heavy-duty vehicles remain dependent on on-board fuels. Here, biomethane is still a little exploited solution, and the case of heavy-duty vehicles is particularly underappreciated despite the recent technical advances and potentially notable emission reductions. This paper discusses the potential of biomethane in heavy-duty road transport in the case of Finland, where the utilization rate is low compared to the technical potential. To this end, the potential of biomethane production through both anaerobic digestion and gasification was calculated in three scenarios for the heavy-duty transport fleet, based on the literature values of biomethane potential and truck class fuel consumption. The authors find that approximately half of the heavy-duty transport in Finland could be biomethane fueled by 2030. The estimated production costs for biomethane (81-190 €/MWh) would be competitive with the current consumer diesel price (152 €/MWh). Utilizing the total biomethane potential in heavy-duty transport would furthermore decrease the respective carbon dioxide emissions by 50%. To accelerate the transition in the heavy-duty transport sector, a more comprehensive political framework is needed, taking into account both production and consumption.

KW - Anaerobic digestion

KW - Biomethane

KW - Carbon emission reduction

KW - Finland

KW - Heavy-duty transport

KW - Renewable transport fuels

KW - Transition

KW - Wood gasification

U2 - 10.3390/su11174750

DO - 10.3390/su11174750

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Sustainability

JF - Sustainability

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 17

M1 - 4750

ER -