TUTCRIS - Tampereen teknillinen yliopisto


Wearable Passive RFID Tags in Advanced Applications: Detection Methods for RFID-Enabled Sensor Tags and RFID-based Localization



KustantajaTampere University of Technology
ISBN (elektroninen)978-952-15-4215-2
ISBN (painettu)978-952-15-4178-0
TilaJulkaistu - 21 syyskuuta 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiG5 Artikkeliväitöskirja


NimiTampere University of Technology. Publication
ISSN (painettu)1459-2045


The radio frequency identification (RFID) is one of the many Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC) methods which use propagation of electromagnetic waves for sending and receiving information. RFID has become increasingly popular over recent years from simple items labeling to more complicated applications such as sensing and positioning. One of the most exciting research trends of today in the field of RFID is the sensing capabilities offered by passive RFID technology. The massive use of wireless sensors in ubiquitous sensing and Internet of things (IoT) increases the demand for low-power, low-cost and sensing-friendly wireless communication devices. The well-known features of passive RFID system such as power efficient nature, the tiny size and easy implementation can overcome some major issues of the remote sensor systems. In addition, introducing new materials and advanced manufacturing technique for fabrication of RFID sensor tags, as well as introducing less complex detection techniques for collecting the data from the sensor nods, can add more values to RFID to be prominent and promising technology for sensing application. In this thesis, first, we concentrate on using the passive ultra-high frequency (UHF) RFID tag in wireless sensing applications. As results of the research work presented in this thesis, the novel and low-cost manufacturing techniques, as well as innovative detection methods for RFID sensor tags, were introduced. For the first time, taking advantage of the nonlinear behavior of the RFID chip impedance as a function of the incident power, a novel sensing method has been presented. The method presented in this work relies upon the detection of the backscattered response for two distinct transmitting power levels and then calculating the difference between these two responses. The nonlinearity of the chip causes a large variation of its impedance value and thus a large difference of RCS value enabling a reliable operability over different measurement ranges. The detection methodologies presented in this work are suitable to be implemented in any kind of industrial environment that utilizes the RFID-enable wireless platform for sensing. Second, this thesis deals with a novel hybrid configuration for indoor positioning, utilizing the RFID and wireless local area network (WLAN). It is shown that combination of power efficient, cost-effective and easy to be implemented RFID system with WLAN technology, improve the localization accuracy compared to pure RFID and pure WLAN location solutions. The presented configuration based on the hybrid model can be expanded for the larger indoor area, as it has been presented in the results of research work. Overall, this thesis thus provides insights into the benefit of using passive UHF RFID tags and sensors in a wide range of application from inventory control and intelligent packaging to health care and human positioning.

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